Official title:

Republic of India


General information:
Capital: New Delhi
Population: 1,251,695,584 (July 2015 est.)
Total area: 3,287,263 km
Currency: Indian rupee (INR)
National holiday: Republic Day, 26th January (1950)
Official languages: Hindi and English[1]

Recognized regional languages[2]: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu


Type of government:
Federal parliamentary constitutional republic
Diplomatic and consular representative: H. E. Mr Sarvajit Chakravarti


GDP (nominal): $2.248 trillion (2015 est.)
GDP (nominal) per capita: $1,761 (2015 est.)
GDP (PPP): $7.883 trillion (2015 est.)
GDP (PPP) per capita: $5, 777 (2014 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate): $1.67 trillion (2013 est.)
GDP (real growth rate): 7,4% (2015 est.)

GDP per sector:
• Agriculture 16,1%
• Industry 34,4%
• Services 52,5% (2015)

Agriculture products: rice, wheat, cereals, oilseed, cotton, sugarcane

Main industries: software, petroleum products, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, agriculture, textiles, steel, transportation equipment, machinery, cement, mining, construction


Trade - Export
Exported commodities: software, petrochemicals, agriculture products, jewelry, engineering products, pharmaceuticals, textiles, chemicals, transportation parts, ores and other goods

Main export partners:
• US 13,4%
• United Arab Emirates 10,4%
• Hong Kong 4,2%
• China 4,2%
• Saudi Arabia 4% (2014)


Trade - Import
Imported commodities: crude oil, gold and precious stones, electronics, engineering goods, chemicals, plastics, coal and ores, iron and steel, vegetable oil and other goods

Main import partners:
• China 12,6%
• Saudi Arabia 7,1%
• United Arab Emirates 5,9%
• Switzerland 4,6%
• US 4,6% (2014)



Central Intelligence Agency. 2015. The World Factbook: India. Available at: (February 9th 2016).


Indian Ministry of Finance – Department of Economic Affairs. Monthly Economic Report – December 2015. Available at: (February 10th 2016).


Reserve Bank of India. 2015. Handbook of Statistics on the Indian Economy. Available at: (February 10th 2016).


[1] Hindi in the Devangari script is the official language of the Union, English is an additional co-official language for Government work (

[2] The Eighth Schedule to the Indian Constitution contains a list of 22 scheduled languages. At the time the constitution was enacted, inclusion in this list meant that the language was entitled to representation on the Official Languages Commission, and that the language would be one of the bases that would be drawn upon to enrich Hindi, the official language of the Union (