Syria

Syria

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Official title:

Syrian Arab Republic

 

General information:
Capital: Damascus
Population: 17,5 million (July 2015 est.)
Total area: 185,180 km2
Currency: Syrian pound (SYP)
National holiday: Independence Day, 17th April (1946)
Official language: Arabic

 

Type of government:
Unitary dominant-party semi-presidential republic
Diplomatic and consular representative: Mr Adib Al Ashkar (Austria – Vienna)

 

Economy:
Note: the war driven deterioration of the economy resulted in a disappearance of quality national level statistics in 2012-13.
GDP (nominal): $35,164 billion (2013 est.)
GDP (nominal) per capita: $1605 (2013 est.)
GDP (PPP): $70 billion (2013 est.)
GDP (PPP) per capita: $3,640 (2013 est.)
GDP (real growth rate): -20,6% (2014 est.)

GDP per sector:
• Agriculture 18,1%
• Industry 19%
• Services 62,9% (2014 est.)

Agriculture products: wheat, barley, cotton, lentils, chickpeas, olives, sugar beets, beef, mutton, eggs, poultry, milk
Main industries: petroleum, textiles, food processing, beverages, tobacco, phosphate rock mining, cement, oil seeds crushing, automobile assembly

 

Trade - Export
Exported commodities: crude oil, minerals, petroleum products, fruits and vegetables, cotton fiber, textiles, clothing, meat and live animals, wheat
Main export partners:
• Iraq 63,8%
• Saudi Arabia 11,1%
• Kuwait 7%
• United Arab Emirates 6%
• Libya 4,5% (December 2014)

 

Trade - Import
Imported commodities: machinery and transport equipment, electric power machinery, food and livestock, metal and metal products, chemicals and chemical products, plastics, yarn, paper
Main import partners:
• Saudi Arabia 24,5%
• United Arab Emirates 12%
• Turkey 10%
• Iran 8,9%
• Iraq 7,3% (December 2014)

 

Sources:
Central Intelligence Agency. 2015. The World Factbook: Syria. Available at: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/sy.html (February 11th 2016).

 

European Commission – Directorate-General for Trade. 2015. EU, Trade in goods with Syria. Available at: http://trade.ec.europa.eu/doclib/docs/2006/september/tradoc_113451.pdf (February 11th 2016).

 

Heritage Fundation. 2014. Economic Freedom Score: Syria. Available at: http://www.heritage.org/index/pdf/2015/countries/syria.pdf (February 11th 2016).

 

United Nations Data. 2015. Syrian Arab Republic. Available at: http://data.un.org/CountryProfile.aspx?crName=Syrian%20Arab%20Republic (February 11th 2016).