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Official title:
Democratic Republic of the Congo

General information:
Capital: Kinshasa
Population: 105,130,171 (July 2021 est.)
Total area: 2,345,409 km2
Currency: Congolese franc (CDF)
National holiday: Independence Day, 30th June (1960)
Official language: French
Recognized regional languages: Lingala, Kingwana, Kikongo, Tshiluba

Type of government:
Semi-presidential republic

Diplomatic and consular representative: H.E. Dr Paul-Emile Tshinga Ahuka (Italy – Rome)


  • GDP (nominal): $47,17 billion (2020 est.)
  • GDP (nominal) per capita: $482,26 (2020 est.)
  • GDP (PPP): $103,33 billion (2020 est.)
  • GDP (PPP) per capita: $103,33 billion (2020 est.)
  • GDP (official exchange rate): $14,07 billion (2020 est.)
  • GDP (real growth rate): -0,9% (2020 est.)

GDP per sector:

  • Agriculture 22,2%
  • Industry 37,8%
  • Services 42% (2017 est.)

Agriculture products: coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber, tea, cotton, cocoa, quinine, cassava (manioc), bananas, plantains, peanuts, root crops, corn, fruits, wood products
Main industries: mining (copper, cobalt, gold, diamonds, coltan, zinc, tin, tungsten), mineral processing, consumer products (textiles, plastics, footwear, cigarettes), metal products, processed foods and beverages, timber, cement, commercial ship repair

Trade – Export
Exported commodities: gold, diamonds, copper, cobalt, zinc, tin, tungsten, crude oil, wood products, coffee

Main export partners:

  • China 39,3%
  • Zambia 24,7%
  • EU 28 19,8%
  • South Korea 3,6%
  • Turkey 2,7%

Trade – Import
Imported commodities: machinery, transportation equipment, fuel, food

Main import partners:

  • China 19,6%
  • South Africa 17,9%
  • EU 28 17,5%
  • Zambia 15,9%
  • Zimbabwe 4,9% (2014)


Central Intelligence Agency. 2015. The World Factbook: The Democratic Republic of Congo. Available at: (February 9th 2020).

European Commission – Directorate-General for Trade. 2015. EU, Trade in goods with Congo (Democratic Rep). Available at: (February 9th 2016).

World Trade Organization. 2015. Statistics Database: Democratic Republic of Congo. Available at: (Feburary 9th 2016).

World Trade Organization. 2015. Trade Profiles Report. Available at: (Feburary 9th 2016).