Algeria

search faster through OUR member states

or if you prefer, jump BACK TO THE MAP

INTRODUCING

Algeria

Official title:
People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria

General information:
Capital: Algiers
Population: 45.5 milion people (as of 2021)
Total area: 2,3 million km2
Currency: Algerian dinar (DZD)
National holiday: Independence Day 5th July (1962), Revolution Day, 1st November (1954)
Official language: Arabic
Other languages: Berber dialects (constitutionally national), French (lingua franca)
Ethnic groups: Arab-Berber (99%), European (1%) *

Type of government:
Unitary semi-presidential republic

Diplomatic and consular representative: Mr Kader YAHIA, Second Counsellor, Chargé d’ Affaires a.i. (Budapest)

Economy:

  • GDP (nominal): $175.9 billion (2021 est.)
  • GDP (nominal) per capital: $3.885 (2021 est.)
  • GDP (PPP): $698.7 billion (2021 est.)
  • GDP (PPP) per capita: $15.411 (2021 est.)
  • GDP (official exchange rate): $155.3 billion (2021 est.)
  • GDP (real growth rate): 3.9% (2021 est.)


GDP per sector:

  • Agriculture 12,2%
  • Industry 38,6%
  • Services 49,2% (2021 est.)


Agriculture products
: wheat, barley, oats, grapes, olives, citrus, figs, dates meat, dairy products.
Main industries: petroleum, natural gas, light industries (such as food processing, textiles and leather goods), cement, fertilizers, metals and metal processing, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, constructuion materials.

Trade – Export
Exported commodities: petroleum and petroleum products, natural gas, fertilizers, iron and steel, non-ferric metals, phosphates, textiless, vegetables.

Main export partners:

  • Italy (17,7% of total exports)
  • Spain (14,4%)
  • France(11,8%)
  • Turkey (7,4%)
  • Netherlands 4,8%
  • United Kingdom 4,4%
  • United States 4,3%
  • China 3,3%
  • Germany 3,2%
  • Brazil 2.4% (2020 est.)


Trade – Import

Imported commodities: capital goods, foodstuffs, consumer goods, industrial goods, semi-finished goods, fuel and lubricants.

Main import partners:

  • China 17,5% of total imports
  • France 11,7%
  • Italy 10,2%
  • Spain 7,5%
  • Turkey 5,5%
  • Germany 5,1%
  • United States 4,9%
  • Russia 4,4%
  • Brazil 3,4%
  • South Korea 3,3%(2020 est.)

* Although almost all Algerians are Berber in origin (not Arab), only a minority identify themselves as Berber, about 15% of the total population; these people live mostly in the mountainous region of Kabylie east of Algiers; the Berbers are also Muslim but identify with their Berber rather than Arab cultural heritage; Berbers have long agitated, sometimes violently, for autonomy; the government is unlikely to grant autonomy but has offered to begin sponsoring teaching Berber language in schools.

Sources:

Central Intelligence Agency. 2023. The World Factbook: Algeria. Available at: https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ag.html (February 10th 2023).